Development of motorization going hand in hand with elimination of internal market boundaries causes a significant increase of transboundary road accidents. Such accidents force the need to create an effective system of institutional victim protection. This monograph is the result of a systematic approach. It was created with the interests of protecting victims of road accidents, done so by overcoming interdisciplinary barriers. Those which exist between law and economics. As well as those between law and management. Compensation for such accidents should be correlated to prevention. It is important to perceive the complementary role of road safety to the ex post financing of the cost of road accidents.